Free Powerpoint Presentations

Atomic Structure and Periodic Trends
Page
3

DOWNLOAD

PREVIEW

WATCH ALL SLIDES

and show properties such as interference,

diffraction

Slide 20

The Davisson Germer Experiment

The Davisson Germer Experiment

Proving the wave properties of electrons (matter!)

Intensity variation in diffracted beam shows constructive and destructive interference of wave

Slide 21

Principles of Quantum Mechanics The Wavefunction

Principles of Quantum Mechanics The Wavefunction

Y(position, time)

In quantum mechanics, an electron, just like any other particle, is described by a

Contains all information there is to

know about the particle

Important

Slide 22

The Results of Quantum Mechanics

The Results of Quantum Mechanics

 is the wavefunction,

V(r) the potential energy and

E the total energy

More on than in Hilary Term

Slide 23

Spherical Polar Coordinates

Spherical Polar Coordinates

Instead of Cartesian (x,y,z) the maths works out easier if we use a different coordinate system:

y

x

z

x = r sin cos

y = r sin sin

z = r cos

(takes advantage of

the spherical symmetry

of the system)

Slide 24

So Schrödingers Equation becomes .

So Schrödingers Equation becomes .

More on than in Hilary Term

Slide 25

We separate the wavefunction into 2 parts:

We separate the wavefunction into 2 parts:

a radial part R(r) and

an angular part Y(,),

such that =

The solution introduces 3 quantum numbers:

Important

which can be solved exactly for the H-atom with the solutions called orbitals, more specifically, atomic orbitals.

Slide 26

which can be solved exactly for the H-atom with the solutions called orbitals, more specifically, atomic orbitals.

which can be solved exactly for the H-atom with the solutions called orbitals, more specifically, atomic orbitals.

We separate the wavefunction into 2 parts:

a radial part R(r) and

an angular part Y(,),

such that =R(r)Y(,)

The solution introduces 3 quantum numbers:

Important

Slide 27

The quantum numbers;

The quantum numbers;

quantum numbers arise in the solution;

R(r) gives rise to:

the principal quantum number, n

Y(,) yields:

the orbital angular momentum quantum number, l and the magnetic quantum number, ml

i.e., =Rn,l(r)Yl,m(,)

Important

Slide 28

The values of n, l, & ml

The values of n, l, & ml

Go to page:
 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15 
 16  17 

Contents

Last added presentations

2010-2019 powerpoint presentations