Understand our Sun and its effects on Earth and the solar system
Changes in solar activity influence Earth by disrupting telecommunications, damaging satellites and power grids, threatening astronauts
Monitoring solar winds, magnetic field, impact on Earth’s magnetic field
Advance our understanding of the origin and history of the solar system, the potential to life elsewhere, and the hazards and resources present as we explore.
Mars Phoenix Lander
Launch: August 2007
Rovers … Still Going!
Mars Express (and MRO and Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey) … Still Going!
MSL: Fall 2009
Arrival March 2011
Chandrayaan: Launch Fall 2007
LRO Launch: Fall 2008
Launch: 20 June 2007
New Dwarf Planet!
How did planets form early in the solar system …
Discover the origin, structure, evolution, and destiny of our universe and search for Earth-like planets
What happened during the Big Bang? How were stars and galaxies created? What happens at the edge of a black hole?
Advance knowledge in fundamental aeronautics and develop technology for safer aircraft and higher capacity airspace systems (aka: fly stuff safely)
Understand the effects of space environment on human performance and test new technologies and countermeasures for long-term human space exploration