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Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire
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Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire

Magnetic field uses sound waves to ignite sun's ring of fire

Stuart Jefferies, University of Hawaii, HI

Viggo Hansteen, University of Oslo, Norway

Scott McIntosh, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO

Bart De Pontieu, Lockheed Martin Solar & Astrophysics Lab, Palo Alto, CA

Scientists discover what molds the Suns Ring of Fire

Slide 2

What is the Suns Ring of Fire?

What is the Suns Ring of Fire?

Solar Chromosphere: 20,000 F

Sandwiched between surface (10,000 F) and corona (2 million F)

Produces UV radiation that may influence Earths climate

Slide 3

Why is the Chromosphere Hot ?

Why is the Chromosphere Hot ?

Movie taken with NASAs STEREO A spacecraft in EUV light.

Note the jets at the limb and the flickering on the disk.

Slide 4

- Why is the Chromosphere Hot & Barbed ?

- Why is the Chromosphere Hot & Barbed ?

- Movie taken with NASA/ESAs SOHO spacecraft in EUV light.

- Zoomed in 3x on the South polar limb.

Slide 5

Movie taken with Solar Optical Telescope (NASA/JAXA) onboard Japanese Hinode satellite

Movie taken with Solar Optical Telescope (NASA/JAXA) onboard Japanese Hinode satellite

The Chromosphere is dominated by thin (100-500 mile wide) jets

shooting up and down with velocities of order 10-50 miles/s

traversing 3,000 miles in a few minutes.

Why is the Chromosphere Hot, Barbed & Dynamic?

Slide 6

What Forges the Suns Ring of Fire?

What Forges the Suns Ring of Fire?

Magnetic field concentrations that are inclined from the vertical provide portals for the trapped waves to leak out and travel upwards.

Illustration by Zina Deretsky, National Science Foundation

Slide 7

Waves leak out of interior of the Sun

Waves leak out of interior of the Sun

The dynamic magnetic field (jostled by convection) forms temporary cracks (twinkling) for the low frequency waves to pass through.

Movie from MOTH (Magneto-Optical filters at Two Heights - NSF, Office of Polar Programs)

Slide 8

Leaking sound waves form strong Shock Waves.

Leaking sound waves form strong Shock Waves.

Chromospheric Movie from Swedish Solar Telescope (Spain)

Courtesy Luc Rouppe van der Voort, Michiel van Noort

Continuously driving fountains of plasma upwards at supersonic speeds.

Slide 9

Computer Simulations

Computer Simulations

Temperature

Velocity

Courtesy of Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, Norway

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