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Slide 1

Newton’s first law

Newton’s second law

Newton’s third law

Frictional forces

Applications of

Newton’s laws

Circular Motion

Isaac Newton’s work represents one of the greatest contributions to science ever made by an individual.

Slide 2

Newton’s Laws

If no net force acts on a body, then the body’s velocity cannot change.

The net force on a body is equal to the product of the body’s mass and acceleration.

When two bodies interact, the force on the bodies from each other are always equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.

Force is a vector Unit of force in S.I.:

Slide 3

The measure of interaction between two objects

Vector quantity: has magnitude and direction

May be a contact force or a field force

Particular forces:

Gravitational Force

Friction Force

Tension Force

Normal Force

Spring Force

Slide 4

Gravitational Force: mg

Gravitational force is a vector

The magnitude of the gravitational force acting on an object of mass m near the Earth’s surface is called the weight w of the object

w = mg

Direction: vertically downward

m: Mass

g = 9.8 m/s2

Slide 5

Normal Force: N

Force from a solid surface which keeps object from falling through

Direction: always perpendicular to the surface

Magnitude: not necessary to be mg

Slide 6

Tension Force: T

A taut rope exerts forces on whatever holds its ends

Direction: always along the cord (rope, cable, string ……) and away from the object

Magnitude: depend on situation

T1

T2

T1 = T = T2

Slide 7

When an object is in motion on a surface or through a viscous medium, there will be a resistance to the motion. This resistance is called the force of friction

This is due to the interactions between the object and its environment

We will be concerned with two types of frictional force

Force of static friction: fs

Force of kinetic friction: fk

Direction: opposite the direction of the intended motion

If moving: in direction opposite the velocity

If stationary, in direction of the vector sum of other forces

Forces of Friction: f

Slide 8

- Applications of Newton’s Laws
- Forces
- Static Friction
- Kinetic Friction
- Explore Forces of Friction
- Hints for Problem-Solving
- Objects in Equilibrium
- Accelerating Objects
- Inclined Plane
- Multiple Objects
- Uniform Circular Motion: Observations
- Uniform Circular Motion
- What provides Centripetal Force ?
- Problem Solving Strategy
- The Conical Pendulum
- Level Curves
- Banked Curves

- Resource Acquisition and Transport in Vascular Plants
- Static and Kinetic Friction
- Understanding Heat Transfer, Conduction, Convection and Radiation
- Radioactivity and Nuclear Reactions
- Newton’s Law of Gravity
- Thermal Energy
- Motion

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