End with death and destruction or ‘then I woke up’
New paragraph - each time you start a new topic in or when a new speaker says something.
Vary your sentence length
Simple sentences: subject object verb
E.g. The boys walked down the road.
keep things simple, especially for a young audience.
make points clear in instructions, information or explanations.
create drama, tension or a fast pace in descriptive or persuasive writing.
Compound sentences: two simple sentences connected by and, but, so, because
E.g. The boys walked down the road and their parents waved from the house.
they allow you to build more detail into your writing
Complex sentences: main clause (simple sentence) and subordinate clause (doesn’t make sense on its own)
The boys walked quickly down the road, feeling a little nervous because today was their first exam.
Adding: and, also, as well as, too
Sequencing: next, then, first second third, finally, after
Cause and effect: because, so, therefore
Qualifying: however, although, unless, except, if, as long as, yet
Illustrating: for example, such as, for instance
Contrasting: whereas, instead of, alternatively
Formal – if you don’t know your reader and/or they’re older than you.
Speech to school governors – formal
Letter to a shop manager – formal
Informal – if you know your reader well and/or you’re the same age
Speech to your year group – lively and informal
Advice for a friend – informal
Do your best!