A reference to a historical figure, place, or event.
The teams competed in a David and Goliath struggle.
A broad comparison between two basically different things that have some points in common.
Aspirations toward space are not new. Consider the worm that becomes a butterfly.
A direct comparison between two basically different things. A simile is introduced by the words “like” or “as”.
My love is like a red, red rose.
An implied comparison between two basically different things. Is not introduced with the words “like” or “as”.
His eyes were daggers that cut right through me.
A great exaggeration to emphasize strong feeling.
I will love you until all the seas go dry.
Human characteristics are given to non-human animals, objects, or ideas.
My stereo walked out of my car.
An absent person or inanimate object is directly spoken to as though they were present.
Brutus: “Ceasar, now be still. I killed not thee with half so good a will.”
A part stands for the whole or vice versa.