Improvements in agriculture health and medicine have produced a dramatic rise in the human population
This increase in population size leads to an increase in pollution and higher demand for the world’s resources
Humans are using up the earth’s resources, including fossil fuels.
Burning fossil fuels in cars and power stations produces carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other greenhouse gases
carbon dioxide traps heat in the atmosphere and causes the temperature of the earth to rise.
This leads to disruption of the weather patterns eg drought, floods
Some weeds may thrive on the extra carbon dioxide while other plants are killed
Sulphur dioxide will dissolve in rain producing Acid Rain
Acid rain damages trees and pollutes rivers and lakes.
Acid rain causes erosion of buildings and statues particularly if they are made of limestone
In may countries people are chopping down forests to provide timber or space for agriculture for the growing population
Burning the timber increases the level of carbon dioxide in the air
Less trees means less carbon dioxide absorbed for photosynthesis
Soil is eroded as it is exposed to the wind and rain
Less water is transpired into the atmosphere
Many animal and plant habitats are destroyed causing extinction of species
Farming has become more intensive to provide a higher % yield from land
Many people regard intensive farming of animals to be cruel
In order to produce more food from the land farmers have to use more fertilisers and pesticides
Fertilisers enable farmers to grow more food as they are replacing the nutrients removed from the soil by plants
However, if too much fertiliser is added and it then rains, the fertiliser finds its way into rivers and lakes