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The 13 Originals 8th History
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King Charles I was king and didn’t agree with the religious freedom.

In 1649, the Toleration Act was passed that guaranteed equality of rights for everyone for religion.

Southern Colony

George Calvert, Lord Baltimore

Slide 10

Colony #4: Rhode Island

Colony #4: Rhode Island

In 1636, Rhode Island became a colony after Roger Williams, a clergyman, obtained a charter from England to form the colony.

He spoke out against the Puritans strictness and went to this area to settle and provide religious choice.

Rhode Island also had freedom of religion.

New England Colony

Roger Williams

“minister, author”

Slide 11

Colony #5: Connecticut

Colony #5: Connecticut

Also founded in 1636 by a clergyman by then name of Thomas Hooker.

He led a group of people from Rhode Island to start their own colony and they had freedom of religion.

New England Colony

A map of the Connecticut, New Haven, and Saybrook colonies.

Slide 12

Colony #6: North Carolina

Colony #6: North Carolina

Founded in 1663 by English nobles.

Charter granted by Charles II.

Charleston: main city was named after Charles II. Became very important port city.

Bad politics forced a split of the colony into North and South.

Southern Colony

King Charles II

Slide 13

Colony #7: South Carolina

Colony #7: South Carolina

In 1729 South Carolina received its name after a political dispute and became a colony.

Had large plantations for growing crops and raising livestock.

Southern Colony

Slide 14

Colony #8: New York

Colony #8: New York

Started as New Netherland, a Dutch colony in 1609

James Duke of York was given it from Charles II.

The English took over in 1664 and renamed it New York.

Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony)

James, Duke of York

Slide 15

Colony #9: New Hampshire

Colony #9: New Hampshire

Sold to the king of England in 1679.

Royal colony: king chooses governor and no elected government.

New England Colony

Slide 16

Colony #10: Pennsylvania

Colony #10: Pennsylvania

In 1681, William Penn was granted a charter for land between Maryland and New York.

King Charles was in debt to Penn’s father.

Penn was a Quaker and he gave the people two rights:

1. Freedom of Religion

2. Right to elect public officials.

Middle Colony (Breadbasket Colony

Slide 17

Colony #11: Delaware

Colony #11: Delaware

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