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Energy transfer
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Slide 1

Energy basics

Energy basics

Slide 2

Temperature and Heat Temperature and heat are NOT THE SAME.

Temperature and Heat Temperature and heat are NOT THE SAME.

Slide 3

Temperature How hot or cold it is.

Temperature How hot or cold it is.

Measured in degrees Celsius.

Slide 4

Heat

Heat

The amount of thermal energy, measured in joules or J.

A cup of hot tea has heat energy in the form of kinetic energy from its particles.

Slide 5

A swimming pool at 30C is at a lower temperature than a cup of tea at 80C.

A swimming pool at 30C is at a lower temperature than a cup of tea at 80C.

BUT

the swimming pool contains more water, so it stores more thermal energy or heat.

Slide 6

The small beaker of water boils first

The small beaker of water boils first

The large beaker contains more water and needs more thermal energy or heat to reach 100C.

Slide 7

Chemical energy stored in it is transferred to the surroundings as thermal energy, sound energy and kinetic energy.

Chemical energy stored in it is transferred to the surroundings as thermal energy, sound energy and kinetic energy.

Slide 8

Sound energy can be transferred to your eardrum as kinetic energy (movement energy).

Sound energy can be transferred to your eardrum as kinetic energy (movement energy).

Slide 9

The battery transfers stored chemical energy as electrical energy. The electrical energy is transferred to the surroundings by the lamp as light energy and thermal energy (heat energy).

The battery transfers stored chemical energy as electrical energy. The electrical energy is transferred to the surroundings by the lamp as light energy and thermal energy (heat energy).

Slide 10

Energy transfer

Energy transfer

Slide 11

The Law of Conservation of Energy

The Law of Conservation of Energy

Energy is always conserved, it is never "lost" or "wasted.

Some energy transfers are useful and some are not.

Slide 12

Sankey diagrams

Sankey diagrams

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