Pressure - In solids
If a force is applied over a smaller surface area you get a larger pressure.
Pressure can be calculated using the following equation:
Pascals or N/m2
All hydraulics systems work because the pressure is the same throughout the system.
Moments make things turn or rotate.
They are caused by forces but are not forces themselves.
The moment will be bigger if:
The force causing the turning effect is bigger.
The force is further from the pivot.
Calculating the size of a moment
Moment = Force x Distance
Anti-clockwise Moment = Clockwise Moment
Net moment is zero