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The electricity
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Slide 1

What is it and where does it come from?

What is it and where does it come from?

Electricity

Slide 2

Be safe around electricity

Be safe around electricity

Electricity can be very dangerous. You should never put anything into electric sockets, except plugs.

Never touch appliances, wires or electrical switches with wet hands or feet.

Slide 3

Sources of electricity

Sources of electricity

There are many sources of electricity such as:

Fossil fuels: coal, oil and wood.

Slide 4

What is electricity and how is it made?

What is electricity and how is it made?

Electricity is a kind of energy. It is made in power stations.

How do you think electricity is connected to our homes?

Electricity is also made in batteries.

Slide 5

How mains electricity works

How mains electricity works

The electricity produced in power stations is carried through wires into buildings.

and we can connect to it by using a plug.

This is called mains electricity

Slide 6

How batteries work

How batteries work

Inside a battery are two different chemicals. When you put a battery into an appliance a circuit is made.

The two chemicals begin to change into new chemicals. As they change an electrical current flows along the circuit making the appliance work.

Slide 7

Why do we need electricity?

Why do we need electricity?

In the modern world we rely on electricity for nearly everything.

What type of electricity do these appliances use?

We need it for important things like:

refrigerators

heating

lighting

Slide 8

Things that use battery power

Things that use battery power

Can you think of appliances that use batteries?

Slide 9

Things that use mains electricity

Things that use mains electricity

What can you see in this classroom that uses mains electricity?

What things do you have at home that use mains electricity?

Slide 10

Independent activity

Independent activity

Cut out and sort the pictures under the correct columns. Label the effects of the electricity.

Blue and green tables write a sentence describing the effect. E.g. The mains electricity causes the iron to heat up so it can iron the wrinkles out of clothes.

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