Genetic Engineers can alter the DNA code of living organisms.
Breed only those plants or animals with desirable traits
People have been using selective breeding for 1000’s of years with farm crops and domesticated animals.
The ability to combine the DNA of one organism with the DNA of another organism.
Recombinant DNA technology was first used in the 1970’s with bacteria.
Remove bacterial DNA (plasmid).
Cut the Bacterial DNA with “restriction enzymes”.
Cut the DNA from another organism with “restriction enzymes”.
Combine the cut pieces of DNA together with another enzyme and insert them into bacteria.
Reproduce the recombinant bacteria.
The foreign genes will be expressed in the bacteria.
Bacteria can make human insulin or human growth hormone.
Bacteria can be engineered to “eat” oil spills.
The DNA of plants and animals can also be altered.
disease-resistant and insect-resistant crops
2. Hardier fruit
3. 70-75% of food in supermarket is genetically modified.
How to Create a Genetically Modified Plant
1.Create recombinant bacteria with desired gene.
2. Allow the bacteria to “infect" the plant cells.
3. Desired gene is inserted into plant chromosomes.
What do you think about eating genetically modified foods?
Mice – used to study human immune system
Chickens – more resistant to infections
Cows – increase milk supply and leaner meat
4. Goats, sheep and pigs – produce human proteins in their milk
This goat contains a human gene that codes for a blood clotting agent. The blood clotting agent can be harvested in the goat’s milk.