75% of High School Students report having tried alcohol at least once.
28% reported having an alcoholic beverage in the last month
Male students more likely than female students to report episodic heavy drinking
Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl alcohol or ethanol
Slows down the functions of the brain and other parts of the nervous system
What is Alcohol?
Produced by a fermentation process
Proof is the amount of alcohol in the substance (ex. 100 proof bottle of vodka is 50% alcohol)
12 oz. Beer = 4 oz. Wine = 1 oz. liquor
Perspiration increases and skin becomes flushed
High blood pressure and damage to the heart muscle; blood vessels harden and become less flexible
Speech is slurred and difficulty walking
Brain cells are destroyed and unable to be replaced; damage to nerves in body resulting in numbness in hands and feet
Can only oxidize about 1 serving of alcohol an hour
NO WAY to speed up this process
Until liver has had time to oxidize all of the alcohol ingested, it keeps circulating through the bloodstream
alcohol interferes with body’s ability to break down fats.
Excess fat blocks flow in liver resulting in reduced oxygen and cell death
can be REVERSED when drinking stops
scarring of the liver
no blood flow in scarred area
liver cannot function
symptoms: high blood pressure, abdominal swelling, jaundice