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Alcohol 3
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Alcohol 3

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75% of High School Students report having tried alcohol at least once.

75% of High School Students report having tried alcohol at least once.

28% reported having an alcoholic beverage in the last month

Male students more likely than female students to report episodic heavy drinking

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What is Alcohol?

What is Alcohol?

Depressant

Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl alcohol or ethanol

Slows down the functions of the brain and other parts of the nervous system

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What is Alcohol?

What is Alcohol?

Produced by a fermentation process

Proof is the amount of alcohol in the substance (ex. 100 proof bottle of vodka is 50% alcohol)

12 oz. Beer = 4 oz. Wine = 1 oz. liquor

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Effects of Alcohol

Effects of Alcohol

Heart/Blood Vessels

Short term

Perspiration increases and skin becomes flushed

Long Term

High blood pressure and damage to the heart muscle; blood vessels harden and become less flexible

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More Effects

More Effects

Brain/Nervous System

Short Term

Speech is slurred and difficulty walking

Long Term

Brain cells are destroyed and unable to be replaced; damage to nerves in body resulting in numbness in hands and feet

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More Effects

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Liver

Liver

Can only oxidize about 1 serving of alcohol an hour

NO WAY to speed up this process

Until liver has had time to oxidize all of the alcohol ingested, it keeps circulating through the bloodstream

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Liver Damage

Liver Damage

FATTY LIVER

alcohol interferes with bodys ability to break down fats.

Excess fat blocks flow in liver resulting in reduced oxygen and cell death

can be REVERSED when drinking stops

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Liver Damage

Liver Damage

CIRRHOSIS

scarring of the liver

no blood flow in scarred area

liver cannot function

symptoms: high blood pressure, abdominal swelling, jaundice

IRREVERSIBLE

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Liver Damage

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Liver Damage

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Binge Drinking

Binge Drinking

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