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Group 16, the oxygen group
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Slide 1

Group 16, the Oxygen Group

Group 16, the Oxygen Group

Slide 2

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

The first two members of Group 16, oxygen and sulfur, are essential for life.

Representative Elements

The heavier members of the group, tellurium and polonium, are both metalloids.

Slide 3

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Ozone, a less common form of oxygen, is formed in the upper atmosphere through the action of electricity during thunderstorms.

Representative Elements

The presence of ozone is important because it shields living organisms from some harmful radiation from the Sun.

Slide 4

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Sulfur is a solid, yellow nonmetal.

Representative Elements

Large amounts of sulfur are used to manufacture sulfuric acid, one of the most commonly used chemicals in the world.

Sulfuric acid is a combination of sulfur, hydrogen, and oxygen.

It is used in the manufacture of paints, fertilizers, detergents, synthetic fibers, and rubber.

Slide 5

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Representative Elements

Slide 6

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Representative Elements

Its most important use is as the light-sensitive component in photocopy machines.

Traces of selenium are also necessary for good health.

Slide 7

Group 16The Oxygen Family

Group 16The Oxygen Family

About 20 percent of Earths atmosphere is the oxygen you breathe.

Representative Elements

Oxygen also is required for combustion to occur.

Oxygen is abundant in Earths rocks and minerals because it readily combines with other elements.

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