Acids & Bases
By Robert McGee
To determine the difference between Acids & Bases
Discuss the importance of studying Acids & Bases
Perform an experiment dealing with Acids & Bases
The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a solution is.
The pH scale is the concentration of hydrogen ions in a given substance.
Acids have a ph from 0-7
Lower pH value indicates a stronger acid.
Bases have a pH from 7-14
Higher pH value indicates a stronger base.
An acid is a substance that breaks into ions in an aqueous solution.
A Base (alkaline) is a substance that breaks into ions in an aqueous solution.
Note: aqueous solution is any solution where is the solvent.
What happens when the pH of a substance is 7?
Ans: A pH level of 7 indicates a Neutral Substance i.e: Water!
Test Your Knowledge
What is the range of an ACID on the pH scale?
What is the range of a BASE and what is another name for a BASE?
Ans: 7-14, Alkaline
Acids can be characterized by:
A sour taste.
It turns blue litmus paper red
It tastes sour. Try drinking lemon juice (citric acid)
A Base is characterized by:
A bitter taste. (Milk of Magnesia)
It feels slippery. (Soapy Water)
It turns Red Litmus Blue.
What do you think is the pH level of NYC tap water?
The pH of a swimming pool must be checked periodically. Why?
Is it important for Lakes & Rivers to maintain a certain pH?