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Slide 1

Just follow these steps…….

It’s quite easy really

Slide 2

Firstly you need an equation with the correct “formulae” in………. You’ll probably be given this in the question

Just like this one

Mg + O2 MgO

Mg

O

Slide 3

[1] Just count up the atoms on each side

Then start balancing:

1

1

1

2

[2] The numbers aren’t balanced so then add “BIG” numbers to make up for any shortages

And adjust totals

2

2

2

Slide 4

But the numbers still aren’t equal, so add another “BIG” number

2

And adjust totals again

NOW BOTH SIDES HAVE EQUAL NUMBERS OF ATOMS

WE SAY THAT THE EQUATION IS BALANCED!!

2

Slide 5

Try to balance these equations using the same method:

[1] Na + Cl2 NaCl

[2] CH4 + O2 CO2 + H2O

[4] Al + O2 Al2O3

[3] Li + HNO3 LiNO3 + H2

Slide 6

How did you get on??

[1] 2 Na + Cl2 2 NaCl

[2] CH4 + 2 O2 CO2 + 2 H2O

[4] 4 Al + 3 O2 2 Al2O3

[3] 2 Li + 2 HNO3 2 LiNO3 + H2

Here are the answers:

HOPE YOU’VE GOT THE IDEA… REMEMBER TO CHECK THAT YOU CAN DO ELECTROLYSIS EQUATIONS TOO

Slide 7

Electrolysis equations ones to check

[a] Cu2+ + e- Cu

[b] Cl- - e- Cl2

[c] H+ + e- H2

[d] Br - Br2 + e-

Slide 8

The answers are….

Remember to balance the charges on each side of the arrow

[a] Cu2+ + 2 e- Cu

[b] 2 Cl- - 2 e- Cl2

[c] 2 H+ + 2 e- H2

[d] 2 Br - Br2 + 2 e-

Slide 9

Hope that makes things a bit clearer….

Just remember it’s all about balance

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