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Bohr Diagrams of Ions
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Bohr Diagrams of Ions

Bohr Diagrams of Ions

Lesson 3

August 27th, 2010

Slide 2

Positive and Negative Ions

Positive and Negative Ions

Noble gases do not form compounds because they have 8 electrons in their outer orbit (shell). This electron arrangement makes them very stable and so they do not react.

Slide 3

When elements form compounds, changes occur in the arrangement of electrons in the outer orbit.  Electrons are gained or lost so that element can have a stable electron arrangement of the closest noble gas. (In other words it will completely fill their outer shell with electrons)

When elements form compounds, changes occur in the arrangement of electrons in the outer orbit. Electrons are gained or lost so that element can have a stable electron arrangement of the closest noble gas. (In other words it will completely fill their outer shell with electrons)

Slide 4

In order for a compound to be stable, it must have a completely filled outer electron shell aka (stable octet)

In order for a compound to be stable, it must have a completely filled outer electron shell aka (stable octet)

Slide 5

Arrangement of outer shell electrons of metals and non-metals

Arrangement of outer shell electrons of metals and non-metals

Slide 6

Metals

Metals

Tend to have 1, 2, or 3 electrons in the outer orbits (shells)

They lose electrons when they combine with other elements to form positive ions (cations) : note the t in the word think +

They lose electrons, thus they have the same electron arrangement as the Noble gas a row above them

Slide 7

Metal Ion

Metal Ion

Example

Sodium: Na  Na+

N 12

P 11

Slide 8

Non-Metals

Non-Metals

Non-metals Tend to have 4, 5, 6, or 7 electrons in their outer orbits (shells).

They gain electrons to form negative ions (anions)

They gain electrons, thus they have the same electron arrangement as the Noble gas in the same row.

Slide 9

Example

Example

Fluorine : F  F-

N 10

P 10

Slide 10

Homework

Homework

Draw the ions of the first 20 ions of the periodic table

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