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Where Is Our Solar System Located within the Galaxy




Slide 1

Chapter 15: The Milky Way Galaxy

Chapter 15: The Milky Way Galaxy

Slide 2



How many stars does the Milky Way Galaxy contain?

Where is our Solar System located in the Milky Way Galaxy?

Is the Sun moving through the Milky Way Galaxy and, if so, about how fast?

Slide 3

You will discover

You will discover

The Milky Way Galaxy is made of billions of stars, and gas and dust, all bound together by mutual gravitational attraction.

The properties of our Milky Way Galaxy.

Earths location in the Milky Way.

That there is a huge Black Hole at the center of our Galaxy.

That observations reveal the presence of significant hidden mass in the Milky Way but we dont know what it is.

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The Milky Way  Side View

The Milky Way Side View

Edge-on view showing the Milky Ways disk, nuclear bulge, and halo.

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The Milky Way  Top View

The Milky Way Top View

Top view showing spiral arms. Latest research shows that the Milky Way also has a bar in the center.

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How We Map the Galaxy

How We Map the Galaxy

Radio waves from different gas clouds show slightly different Doppler shifts, permitting astronomers to sort out the gas clouds and map the Galaxy.

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Map of the Galaxy

Map of the Galaxy

This map (left), based on radio telescope surveys of 21-cm radiation, shows the distribution of hydrogen gas in the Milky Way.

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How Big? How Many Stars?

How Big? How Many Stars?

Diameter 100,000 light years (only the visible stuff dark matter area is much larger).

2,000 light years thick where we are.

200 billion stars.

Sun is 26,000 light years from the galactic center.

Slide 9

What Kinds of Stars?

What Kinds of Stars?

Nuclear bulge about 20,000 light years diameter.

Disk contains gas, dust, and Population I stars (young, metal-rich stars).

Halo is composed mostly of Population II stars (old, metal-poor stars).

Slide 10

View Toward the Galactic Center

View Toward the Galactic Center

More than a million stars in the disk of our Galaxy fill this view, looking toward the galactic nucleus in Sagittarius.

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