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Early Inventions
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Early Inventions

Early Inventions

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Slide 2

Thread-Spinning Mill

Thread-Spinning Mill

Builder: Samuel Slater

Year: 1789

Apprentice in one of Arkwrights Factories (Great Britain)

Produced cotton thread

Rapid rate of production

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Slide 3

Steamboat

Steamboat

Builder: Robert Fulton

Year: 1807

First practical steamboat was called the Clermont

Made traveling on river easier and faster

Canals

Used for trade and the moving of raw materials

First oceangoing steamship wouldnt be produced until 1850 in Great Britain

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Slide 4

Cotton Gin

Cotton Gin

Inventor: Eli Whitney

Year: 1794

Need for cotton by factories in the North

A worker could produce fifty time more cotton fiber

Increase of slave labor

Cotton Kingdom: owners of large plantations

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Slide 5

Telegraph

Telegraph

Inventor: Samuel Morse

Year: 1844

Revolutionized

communication

Morse Code

Factories in the East could

now communicate with

markets in the West

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Slide 6

Metal Plow

Metal Plow

Inventor: John Deere

Year: 1837

Blacksmith

Tough plains soil could not be plowed by cast iron plows (sticking)

Assisted farmers greatly

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Slide 7

Mechanical Reaper

Mechanical Reaper

Inventor: Cyrus McCormick

Year: 1831

Cut wheat many times faster

than a human worker could

Enabled farmers to cultivate

more land with fewer workers

Great for the prairies of the Midwest

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Slide 8

Power Loom

Power Loom

Builder: Francis Lowell

Year: 1814

Improved versions of English machines

Brought spinning and weaving

Allowed textile work to be done a lot faster

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Slide 9

Sewing Machine

Sewing Machine

Inventor: Elias Howe

Year: 1846

Made producing clothing efficient

Made cloths less expensive so even the lower and middle classes could dress like the wealthier Americans

Ties back to cotton

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Slide 10

Vulcanized Rubber

Vulcanized Rubber

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