# College AlgebraPage 1

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Slide 1 College Algebra

Fifth Edition

James Stewart  Lothar Redlin  Saleem Watson

Slide 2 ## Equations and Inequalities

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Slide 3 ## Inequalities

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Slide 4 Inequalities

An inequality looks just like an equation—except that, in the place of the equal sign is one of these symbols: <, >, ≤, or ≥.

Here is an example: 4x + 7 ≤ 19

Slide 5 Inequalities

The table shows that some numbers satisfy the inequality and some numbers don’t.

Slide 6 ## Solving Inequalities

To solve an inequality that contains a variable means to find all values of the variable that make the inequality true.

Unlike an equation, an inequality generally has infinitely many solutions.

These form an interval or a union of intervals on the real line.

Slide 7 Solving Inequalities

The following illustration shows how an inequality differs from its corresponding equation:

Slide 8 Solving Inequalities

To solve inequalities, we use the following rules to isolate the variable on one side of the inequality sign.

These rules tell us when two inequalities are equivalent ( means “is equivalent to”).

In these rules, the symbols A, B, and C stand for real numbers or algebraic expressions.

Slide 9 Solving Inequalities

Here, we state the rules for inequalities involving the symbol ≤.

However, they apply to all four inequality symbols.

Slide 10 Solving Inequalities

Pay special attention to Rules 3 and 4.

Rule 3 says that we can multiply (or divide) each side of an inequality by a positive number.

However, Rule 4 says that, if we multiply each side of an inequality by a negative number, then we reverse the direction of the inequality.

Slide 11 Solving Inequalities