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Complex Numbers
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Slide 1

Complex Numbers

Complex Numbers

Lesson 3.3

Slide 2

The Imaginary Number

The Imaginary Number

By definition

Consider powers if i

Slide 3

Using

Using

Now we can handle quantities that occasionally show up in mathematical solutions

What about

Slide 4

Complex Numbers

Complex Numbers

Combine real numbers with imaginary numbers

a + bi

Examples

Slide 5

Try It Out

Try It Out

Write these complex numbers in standard form a + bi

Slide 6

Operations on Complex Numbers

Operations on Complex Numbers

Complex numbers can be combined with

addition

subtraction

multiplication

division

Consider

Slide 7

Operations on Complex Numbers

Operations on Complex Numbers

Division technique

Multiply numerator and denominator by the conjugate of the denominator

Slide 8

Complex Numbers on the Calculator

Complex Numbers on the Calculator

Possible result

Reset mode Complex format to Rectangular

Now calculator does desired result

Slide 9

Complex Numbers on the Calculator

Complex Numbers on the Calculator

Operations with complex on calculator

Make sure to use the correct character for i. Use 2nd-i

Slide 10

Warning

Warning

Consider

It is tempting to combine them

The multiplicative property of radicals only works for positive values under the radical sign

Instead use imaginary numbers

Slide 11

Try It Out

Try It Out

Use the correct principles to simplify the following:

Slide 12

The Discriminant

The Discriminant

Consider the expression under the radical in the quadratic formula

This is known as the discriminant

What happens when it is

Positive and a perfect square?

Positive and not a perfect square?

Zero

Negative ?

Return of the

Slide 13

Example

Example

Consider the solution to

Note the graph

No intersections with x-axis

Using the solve and csolve functions

Slide 14

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