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Why birds are threatened
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Threatened Birds of India

Threatened Birds of India

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Why birds are threatened

Why birds are threatened

Habitat Destruction

Expansion of Agriculture

Rapid Industrialization

Poaching and Trade

Global Warming and Climate Change

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Categories of threatened birds

Categories of threatened birds

Extinct Ц not seen at least for 50 years

Critically Endangered Ц likely to be extinct

Endangered Ц high risk of extinction

Vulnerable Ц risk of extinction

Near threatened Ц close to vulnerable

Least Concern Ц not qualify any of the above

Data deficient Ц no information available

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Threatened Birds Scenario

Threatened Birds Scenario

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Critically Endangered

Critically Endangered

In Central India we have 9 species of the birds which come under this category

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White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis

White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis

This species is widely distributed in India

Till late 1990 it was in abundant but declined rapidly

Cause Ц veterinary use of diclofenac for livestock

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Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus

Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus

This species is also widely distributed in India

Like White-backed Vultures their population declined rapidly after 1990

Cause Ц veterinary use of diclofenac for cattle

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Jerdon's Courser Rhinptilus bitorquatus

Jerdon's Courser Rhinptilus bitorquatus

This is endemic bird found in south-eastern Andhra Pradesh. Earlier known from few places in Central India from Godavari River basin.

Habitat specialist bird found only in scrub forest

Threats Ц habitat destruction because of human activities

Slide 9

Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti

Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti

This bird is endemic to Satpuda Mountains known from only from six places in Central India. Because of the Forest Owlet, the Central Indian Forests come under Endemic Bird Area

Only found in dry deciduous forests

Threats Ц habitat destruction for fuel wood, illicit wood cutting, overgrazing and direct persecution by tribal

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Endangered

Endangered

We have 12 bird species which come under this category

Slide 11

Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps

Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps

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