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Health Physics
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Slide 34

Diagnosis The Renogram

Diagnosis The Renogram

The computer adds up the radioactivity in each kidney and the bladder.

This can be shown as a graph of activity versus time a time-activity curve.

Slide 35

A Normal Renogram

A Normal Renogram

Slide 36

An Abnormal Renogram

An Abnormal Renogram

Slide 37

Sterilisation

Sterilisation

Radiation not only kills cells, it can also kill germs or bacteria.

Nowadays, medical instruments (e.g. syringes) are prepacked and then irradiation using an intense gamma ray source.

This kills any germs or bacteria but does not damage the syringe, nor make it radioactive.

Slide 38

Summary

Summary

Ionising radiation is used in radiotherapy to treat cancer and to sterilise medical equipment because it destroys cells.

Radioactive tracers are used in nuclear medicine because the ionising radiation it emits is easy to detect.

Slide 39

Summary

Summary

There are 3 main uses of ionising radiation in medicine: treatment, diagnosis and sterilisation.

Radiotherapy is used to treat cancers by irradiating them with ionising radiation.

Radioactive tracers are used to diagnose and investigate several medical conditions.

Ionising radiation is used to sterilise medical equipment as it kills germs and/or bacteria.

Slide 40

Careers

Careers

Oncologist.

Medical Physicist.

Radiographer.

Radiation Protection.

Environmental Protection.

Dosimetrist.

Research.

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