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Precipitation Reactions




Slide 1

Precipitation Reactions

Precipitation Reactions

Graphic: Wikimedia Commons User Tubifex

Slide 2

Double Replacement Reactions

Double Replacement Reactions

The ions of two compounds exchange places in an aqueous solution to form two new compounds.

AX + BY  AY + BX

One of the compounds formed is usually a

precipitate (an insoluble solid), an insoluble gas that bubbles out of solution, or a molecular compound, usually water.

Slide 3

Double replacement forming a precipitate

Double replacement forming a precipitate

Pb(NO3)2(aq) + 2KI(aq)  PbI2(s) + 2KNO3(aq)

Pb2+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq) + 2 K+(aq) +2 I-(aq)  PbI2(s) + 2K+(aq) + 2 NO3-(aq)

Pb2+(aq) + 2 I-(aq)  PbI2(s)

Double replacement (ionic) equation

Complete ionic equation shows compounds as aqueous ions

Net ionic equation eliminates the spectator ions

Lead(II) nitrate + potassium iodide  lead(II) iodide + potassium nitrate

Slide 4

Solubility Rules  AP Chemistry

Solubility Rules AP Chemistry

All sodium, potassium, ammonium, and nitrate salts are soluble in water. Memorization of other solubility rules is beyond the scope of this course and the AP Exam.

Therefore, the following slides are only for your amusement, and will not be tested 

Slide 5

Solubility Rules  Mostly Soluble

Solubility Rules Mostly Soluble

Slide 6

Solubility Rules  Mostly Insoluble

Solubility Rules Mostly Insoluble

Slide 7

Solubility Chart: Common salts at 25C

Solubility Chart: Common salts at 25C

S = Soluble

I = Insoluble

P = Partially


X = Other


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