Two or more substances combine to form a new compound.
A + X AX
Reaction of elements with oxygen and sulfur
Reactions of metals with Halogens
Synthesis Reactions with Oxides
There are others not covered here!
A single compound undergoes a reaction that produces two or more simpler substances
Binary compounds H2O(l ) 2H2(g) + O2(g)
Metal carbonates CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
Metal hydroxides Ca(OH)2(s) CaO(s) + H2O(g)
Metal chlorates 2KClO3(s) 2KCl(s) + 3O2(g)
Oxyacids H2CO3(aq) CO2(g) + H2O(l )
AX A + X
Metals by another metal
Hydrogen in water by a metal
Hydrogen in an acid by a metal
Halogens by more active halogens
A + BX AX + B
BX + Y BY + X
Metals can replace other metals provided that they are above the metal that they are trying to replace
Metals above hydrogen can replace hydrogen in acids.
Metals from sodium upward can replace hydrogen in water
Halogens can replace other halogens in compounds, provided
that they are above the halogen that they are trying to replace.
2NaCl(s) + F2(g)
2NaF(s) + Cl2(g)
MgCl2(s) + Br2(g)
The ions of two compounds exchange places in an aqueous solution to form two new compounds.
AX + BY AY + BX
One of the compounds formed is usually a precipitate, an insoluble gas that bubbles out of solution, or a molecular compound, usually water.
A substance combines with oxygen, releasing a large amount of energy in the form of light and heat.