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Slide 1

The Mole

Slide 2

CA Standards

Slide 3

1 dozen =

1 gross =

1 ream =

1 mole =

12

144

500

6.02 x 1023

There are exactly 12 grams of carbon-12 in one mole of carbon-12.

Slide 4

6.02 x 1023 is called “Avogadro’s Number” in honor of the Italian chemist Amadeo Avogadro (1776-1855).

Amadeo Avogadro

I didn’t discover it. Its just named after me!

Slide 5

Calculate the formula mass of carbon dioxide, CO2.

12.01 g + 2(16.00 g) =

44.01 g

One mole of CO2 (6.02 x 1023 molecules) has a mass of 44.01 grams

Slide 6

Mole Relationships

Mole

Atoms

or molecules

Liters

Grams

6.02 x 1023

Atomic

Mass

22. 4 L

22.4

L

Slide 7

How many grams of lithium are in 3.50 moles of lithium?

3.50 mol Li

= g Li

1 mol Li

6.94 g Li

24.3

Slide 8

How many moles of lithium are in 18.2 grams of lithium?

18.2 g Li

= mol Li

6.94 g Li

1 mol Li

2.62

Slide 9

How many atoms of lithium are in 3.50 moles of lithium?

3.50 mol

= atoms

1 mol

6.02 x 1023 atoms

2.07 x 1024

Slide 10

Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadro’s Number

How many atoms of lithium are in 18.2 g of

lithium?

18.2 g Li

= atoms Li

1 mol Li

6.022 x 1023 atoms Li

1.58 x 1024

6.94 g Li

1 mol Li

(18.2)(6.022 x 1023)/6.94

Slide 11

Equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules.

- Amedeo Avogadro

At STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure):

1 mole of a gas occupies 22.4 liters of volume

Slide 12

Go to page:

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- The Mole
- Avogadro’s Number
- Calculating Formula Mass
- Calculations with Moles: Converting moles to grams
- Calculations with Moles: Converting grams to moles
- Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadro’s Number
- Standard Molar Volume
- Calculations with Moles: Using Standard Molar Volume

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