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The Mole
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Slide 1

The Mole

The Mole

Slide 2

CA Standards

CA Standards

Slide 3

The Mole

The Mole

1 dozen =

1 gross =

1 ream =

1 mole =

12

144

500

6.02 x 1023

There are exactly 12 grams of carbon-12 in one mole of carbon-12.

Slide 4

Avogadros Number

Avogadros Number

6.02 x 1023 is called Avogadros Number in honor of the Italian chemist Amadeo Avogadro (1776-1855).

Amadeo Avogadro

I didnt discover it. Its just named after me!

Slide 5

Calculating Formula Mass

Calculating Formula Mass

Calculate the formula mass of carbon dioxide, CO2.

12.01 g + 2(16.00 g) =

44.01 g

 One mole of CO2 (6.02 x 1023 molecules) has a mass of 44.01 grams

Slide 6

Mole Relationships

Mole Relationships

Mole

Atoms

or molecules

Liters

Grams

6.02 x 1023

Atomic

Mass

22. 4 L

22.4

L

Slide 7

Calculations with Moles: Converting moles to grams

Calculations with Moles: Converting moles to grams

How many grams of lithium are in 3.50 moles of lithium?

3.50 mol Li

= g Li

1 mol Li

6.94 g Li

24.3

Slide 8

Calculations with Moles: Converting grams to moles

Calculations with Moles: Converting grams to moles

How many moles of lithium are in 18.2 grams of lithium?

18.2 g Li

= mol Li

6.94 g Li

1 mol Li

2.62

Slide 9

Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadros Number

Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadros Number

How many atoms of lithium are in 3.50 moles of lithium?

3.50 mol

= atoms

1 mol

6.02 x 1023 atoms

2.07 x 1024

Slide 10

Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadros Number

Calculations with Moles: Using Avogadros Number

How many atoms of lithium are in 18.2 g of

lithium?

18.2 g Li

= atoms Li

1 mol Li

6.022 x 1023 atoms Li

1.58 x 1024

6.94 g Li

1 mol Li

(18.2)(6.022 x 1023)/6.94

Slide 11

Standard Molar Volume

Standard Molar Volume

Equal volumes of all gases at the same temperature and pressure contain the same number of molecules.

- Amedeo Avogadro

At STP (Standard Temperature and Pressure):

1 mole of a gas occupies 22.4 liters of volume

Slide 12

Calculations with Moles: Using Standard Molar Volume

Calculations with Moles: Using Standard Molar Volume

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