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The Crucible
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Slide 1

The Crucible

The Crucible

By Arthur Miller

. . . When History and Literature Collide

Slide 2

The Crucible is . . .

The Crucible is . . .

Puritanism

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Witchcraft

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McCarthyism

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Arthur Miller

Slide 3

Puritanism

Puritanism

Christian faith that originated in England during the early 1600s

Puritans believed in predestination

They split from the Church of England in 1633

Many emigrated to the American colonies

Their radical beliefs flourished in the new world

Slide 4

Witchcraft in Salem

Witchcraft in Salem

Like all Puritans, the residents of Salem Village believed in witches and in witchcraft.

They believed that witchcraft was entering into a compact with the devil in exchange for certain powers to do evil.

They considered witchcraft both a sin and a crime; it was a very serious accusation, which was carefully and thoroughly investigated.

Slide 5

Witchcraft in Salem

Witchcraft in Salem

The witchcraft hysteria began in Salem, Massachusetts, in early 1692.

Reverend Samuel Parriss daughter and Abigail Williams started having fits of convulsion, screaming, and hallucination.

A doctor examined the girls and concluded that the only explanation for these bizarre behaviors was witchcraft.

Slide 6

Witchcraft in Salem

Witchcraft in Salem

A recently published book of the time detailed the symptoms of witchcraft; the girls fits were much like those described in the book.

Therefore, the Puritans of Salem were quick to believe the doctors diagnosis.

Slide 7

Witchcraft in Salem

Witchcraft in Salem

The girls pointed fingers at Tituba (the Parris slave), Sarah Good, and Sarah Osborn, which sparked a witch hunt.

Slide 8

Witchcraft in Salem

Witchcraft in Salem

During the next eight months of terror, more than 150 people were imprisoned for witchcraft.

By the time court was dismissed, 27 people had been convicted, 19 hanged, and 1 pressed to death.

The hysteria that snowballed in Salem reveals how deep the belief in the supernatural ran in colonial America.

Slide 9

McCarthyism

McCarthyism

McCarthyism is the term used to describe a period of intense suspicion in the United States during the early 1950s.

It began when Senator Joseph McCarthy, a U.S. senator from Wisconsin, claimed that communists had infiltrated the Department of State.

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