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Classical Greece
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Slide 15

Music

Music

Plato believed in ethos

The power of music to influence people’s lives

Music molded the soul

Musical scales (Pythagoras)

Role in Greek dramas

Role in development of Opera

Instruments: Lyre, Cymbal, Tambourine, Pipe

Slide 16

Art

Art

Pre-classical

Simple pottery

Geometric designs

Migration to human forms (perfect symmetry)

Sculpture-generalized to be symbolic of all humans

Relation to Forms

Generic

Without dramatic expression

Lacked realism

Slide 17

Art

Art

Classical Sculpture

Great advances

Technical ability

Reality

Perception of inner qualities

Greek principles important

Exact proportion—Golden mean

Phidias—greatest Greek sculptor

Parthenon, Temples in Olympia

Vases

Why painted?

My Greek vase

Slide 18

Architecture

Architecture

Initial temples were simple and rectangular

Two columns at entrance

Columns around perimeter (peripteral)

Column styles

Doric Ionic Corinthian

Slide 19

Architecture The Acropolis: Parthenon

Architecture The Acropolis: Parthenon

Slide 20

Architecture

Architecture

The Parthenon

Erected by Pericles as a tribute to Athena

Funding from Delian League

Phidias was sculptor in charge

Combined Doric columns with Ionic features

Columns are thinner at the top

Tip towards each other

Corners thicker

Floor is convex

Slide 21

Architecture

Architecture

The Parthenon (cont.)

Single main room-statue of the goddess

Later classical period lacked innovation and boldness of earlier period

Slide 22

History

History

Herodotus (484-420 BC)

Father of History

Tried to record coherent history

Traveled widely

Books called Researches

Made judgments based on humanness

Most writing were about Persian wars

Slide 23

History

History

Thucydides (470-405 BC)

Prominent soldier/historian

Removed from command for failure in battle

Inserted important speeches into history

Criticized because he could not have heard all these speeches

His history ended before the war

Probably died in war

Slide 24

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