Classical Era (Greece and Rome) 500 B.C.- 600 A.D.
Middle Ages (time of knights and castles) 500 A.D. – 1500 A.D.
Early Modern Era (time of powerful kings and exploration) 1500 A.D. – 1776 A.D.
Trebuchets were used to hurl all sorts of objects at the enemy.
The strong empires of Rome and Greece that protected trade routes and encouraged science and personal liberties were fading away.
The Roman empire not only had to fight the plague but fight invaders from Europe and Asia.
Genghis Kahn Mongolian warrior
With all the disease, riots, outside attacks and starvation people fled the cities of the once strong Roman empire.
In Europe, people now lived on manors, self-sufficient communities consisting of a castle, church, village and surrounding farmlands.
The kings had lots of land; he gave land to lords in exchange for protection and $.
Lords gave their land to knights in exchange for protection, $.
Knights let serfs work the land and he would protect them.
Serfs got food and shelter.
Thus, each person had rights and responsibilities
Chivalry- code of honor
Signed in 1215
Example of Rule of Law
English King John was a bad king so his nobles forced him to sign it.
Limited powers of king.