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Minoans and Mycenaeans
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Slide 12

Where did they come from?

Where did they come from?

The Mycenaeans came from the grasslands of southern Russia to the lowlands of Greece. They traded with and learned much from the Minoans.

Slide 13

Trojan War/Homerís Iliad

Trojan War/Homerís Iliad

The Mycenaeans went to war with Troy because Troy was controlling a trade route and unfairly taxing ships going from southern Russia to Greece.

Slide 14

The Iliad

The Iliad

About 500 years later, a blind Greek poet, Homer, told the story of the Trojan war - but not quite exactly as it happened.

Slide 15

Homerís version

Homerís version

The Trojan prince Paris fell in love with Helen, the wife of the Mycenaean king. He kidnapped her, taking her to Troy. The Mycenaeans followed to get her back.

After ten years of fighting, Odysseus suggested they build a large wooden horse and place their best soldiers in it. Then the rest of the Mycenaeans returned to their ships and sailed away.

Slide 16

When the Trojans saw the horse

When the Trojans saw the horse

and the soldiers leaving, they thought it was a gift and pulled it into the city. Once out of sight, Odysseus turned the ships around and began to sail back toward Troy. During the night, the soldiers inside the horse climbed out, opened the gate and let the returning soldiers into Troy.

Slide 17

When the Trojans saw the horse

Slide 18

When the Trojans saw the horse

Slide 19

What happened. . .

What happened. . .

The Mycenaeans killed the king of Troy and burned the city.

Then they returned to their homes with Helen.

Slide 20

What happened. . .

Slide 21

A Dark Age

A Dark Age

The Mycenaeans never returned to a peaceful existence. The Dorians drove them out of Greece.

Slide 22

The Dark Age

The Dark Age

The Mycenaeans settled in the Aegean islands and on the western shore of Asia Minor. Later, this was known as Ionia.

Slide 23

One step back. . .

One step back. . .

This began a time of wandering and killing. Trade stopped. Many skills were forgotten including how to read and write, fresco painting, working with ivory and gold, etc.

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