“Friction is a Force that always pushes against an object when it touches another object”
“When 2 things are in contact with each other, there will be friction acting between them”
High friction (lots of friction) – will slow something down
Low friction (not much friction) – will keep things moving
Ski’s on the snow
Brakes on a bike Water on a slide
Pencil and rubber
Reduce the contact area by using rollers/ball-bearings/wheels
Change the surfaces of the materials that are touching by using lubrication eg. Oil
Create a cushion of air
Eg. Like a hovercraft or air hockey table
This type of friction is what happens with liquids and gases (In Physics, liquids and gases are both called "fluids". They behave in similar ways.)
Fluid friction is also known as "drag". On aircraft it's also called "air resistance". It depends on:-
how thick the fluid is (its "viscosity")
the shape of the object
the speed of the object
Aircraft and car designers want to reduce drag, so that the vehicle can go fast without having to waste too much fuel.
How do you think they can do it?
The winning team is the one who gets their plane to stay in the air the longest and is the fastest.
1 sheet of blank paper
Use only the materials indicated in the above list; you don’t have to use them all.
The plane may be constructed using all or part of the 21.5 x 28 cm sheet of paper.
Label each plane with the "engineer’s" name.
Each group is allowed three throws; record the best throw only.
Begin timing with the throw of the plane and end when the plane hits the floor.
Settle a tie with a throw-off.