What is the difference?
Characteristics are the category of a trait
Example eye color, height, likes/dislikes
Traits the physical, social, and emotional qualities of an organism
Example blue eyes, tall, hates carrots
Dominant Trait when a majority of an organism shows the trait.
Example most pea plants show as tall
Recessive Trait when a minority of an organism shows the trait.
Example few pea plants show as short
Alleles all the possible choices for a characteristic
Example eye color blue, brown, gray, green
How the genes code for a specific trait.
If the trait is dominant it uses a capital letter
Example Tall (T)
If the trait is recessive it uses the same letter but lower case
Example short (t)
Genotypes always have two letters one for dad and one for mom
Purebred (homozygous) dominant the genes only have the dominant trait in its code.
Example Dominant Tall -- TT
Purebred (homozygous) recessive the genes only have the recessive trait in its code.
Example Recessive short tt
Hybrid (heterozygous) the genes are mixed code for that trait.
Example hybrid Tall -- Tt
The outward appearance of the trait.
How an organism looks
How an organism acts
How an organism feels
Tricks to remembering the difference between Genotype and Phenotype
Genotype deals with GENE CODE.
Phenotype deals with looks you can take a PHOTO with.