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Earthworm
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EARTH WORM

EARTH WORM

Surendran. K

Slide 2

Earth Worm

Earth Worm

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EARTH WORM

EARTH WORM

Phylum : Annelida

Class : Oligochaeta

Genus : Megascolex

Species : mauritii

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Habit

Habit

NEGATIVELY PHOTOTACTIC

NOCTURNAL

LOCOMOTION

BURROWING

FEEDING

BREEDING

REGENERATION

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Earthworms are terrestrial animals inhabiting the moist soil. They are usually found in the upper layer of soil to a depth of 30-40cm. They are nocturnal and in day time they live in the burrows.During rainy season they come out and crawl on the ground. During winter they close the burrows by leaves and debris. This is to warm the burrows. Their presence is marked by the occurrence of worm cast, the faecal deposit of earthworm.

Earthworms are terrestrial animals inhabiting the moist soil. They are usually found in the upper layer of soil to a depth of 30-40cm. They are nocturnal and in day time they live in the burrows.During rainy season they come out and crawl on the ground. During winter they close the burrows by leaves and debris. This is to warm the burrows. Their presence is marked by the occurrence of worm cast, the faecal deposit of earthworm.

There are about 500 species of earthworm. Of which 13 are found in India. Common varieties are Pheretima and Lumbricus

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External Morphology

External Morphology

A fully grown earthworm measures about 150mm in length and 3-5mm width The body is cylindrical and elongated. The anterior end is pointed , while the posterior end is rounded.

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Earthworm

Earthworm

14-16 segments: Clitellum Glandular tissue covering

Metameres 100-120

Dorsal side- dark mid dorsal line

Ventral side- genital openings

Ant. End- Mouth, Prostomium, Peristomium

Body Segments

Prostomium

Peristomium

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Body apertures

Body apertures

Spermathecal Pores

Female genital Pores

Male genital pores

Nephridiopores

Dorsal pores

Anus

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Internal Morphology

Internal Morphology

The body wall is covered externally by a thin non-cellular cuticle. It is followed by two muscle layers and an inner most coelomic epithelium.The epidermis consists of single layer of columnar cells.Secretory gland cells are also found among the columnar cells

Cuticle, Epidermis, Two muscle layers, Coelomic Epithelium

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All segments except first and last bear a ring of microscopic S-shaped chitinous setae ,help in locomotion.by gripping on the soil

All segments except first and last bear a ring of microscopic S-shaped chitinous setae ,help in locomotion.by gripping on the soil

T.S. of bodywall showing Setae

Slide 11

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