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Iroquois Confederacy




Slide 1

The Iroquois Confederacy

The Iroquois Confederacy

Haudenosaunee Tribes

Onondaga Mohawk

Seneca Oneida

Cayuga Tuscarora

Slide 2

The Forming of the Iroquois.

The Forming of the Iroquois.

Around 1570, Hiawatha (an Onondaga chief) and Dekanawida (a Mohawk Chief) decided to stop their tribes from fighting.

The five nations formed the Iroquois League.

Slide 3

Iroquois Principles

Iroquois Principles

They would live in peace with each other.

They would trade with each other.

They would go to war TOGETHER.

Each tribe elected Sachems to run the Confederacy.

“We bind ourselves together by taking hold of each other’s hands. … Our strength shall be in union. … Carry no anger and hold no grudges”

Slide 4

Long Houses

Long Houses

100 foot long houses that held 10-20 families. Each family had a section of the house.

Women owned the longhouses and a husband would move into his wife’s mother’s longhouse.

Slide 5

Iroquois Culture

Iroquois Culture

The “THREE SISTERS” of corn, beans and squash were farmed by the women.

Deer, beaver, and moose were hunted by the men.

Slide 6

The effect of Environment

The effect of Environment

No grazing land for herds.

The forest provided wood

Forest animals gave the Iroquois food and clothing

They needed crops they could store for the long winter in a temperate climate.

A short growing season allowed for the 3 sisters to grow.


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