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Why birds are threatened



Historically spread all over Indian subcontinent. Now restricted to only a few places in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh

Habitat specialist birds representative of Grassland

Threats – expansion of agriculture, habitat fragmentation, overgrazing, pesticides and hunting

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We have 59 species which come under this category

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Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis

Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis

The species found all over India in large wetlands

The population is declining very fast

Threats – destruction of nesting habitat, drainage and pollution of wetlands and dearth of food

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Sarus Crane Grus antigone

Sarus Crane Grus antigone

Historically widespread all over south Asia and Australia. Now declining all over its range

Threats - primarily threatened by a combination of habitat loss and modification (owing primarily to agricultural expansion), pollution and persecution

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Near Threatened

Near Threatened

We have 58 species which fall under this category

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Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala

Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala

Widespread and locally common resident in South east Asia

It frequents freshwater marshes, lakes and reservoirs, flooded fields, paddy fields, freshwater swamp forests, riverbanks, intertidal mudflats and saltpans

Threats - habitat loss, disturbance, pollution and hunting of adults and collection of eggs and nestlings from colonies is cause for concern

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Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor

Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor

Found only in Asia and African Continent

Every year 10% population decline is observed in Africa. It breeds in Little Run of Katch in Gujarat

After breeding, disperse over Indian Subcontinent

Threats – water pollution, disturbance to nesting sites and habitat destruction

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