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Slide 1

Group 14, the Carbon Group

Group 14, the Carbon Group

Slide 2

Group 14The Carbon Group

Group 14The Carbon Group

The nonmetal carbon exists as an element in several forms.

Representative Elements

Youre familiar with two of themdiamond and graphite.

Slide 3

Group 14The Carbon Group

Group 14The Carbon Group

Carbon also is found in all living things.

Representative Elements

2

Carbon is followed by the metalloid silicon, an abundant element contained in sand.

Sand contains ground up particles of minerals such as quartz, which is composed of silicon and oxygen.

Glass is an important product made from sand.

Slide 4

Group 14The Carbon Group

Group 14The Carbon Group

Silicon and its Group 14 neighbor, germanium, are metalloids.

Representative Elements

They are used in electronics as semiconductors.

A semiconductor doesnt conduct electricity as well as metal, but does conduct electricity better than a nonmetal.

Slide 5

Group 14The Carbon Group

Group 14The Carbon Group

Tin and lead are the two heaviest elements in Group 14.

Representative Elements

Lead is used to protect your torso during dental X rays.

It also is used in car batteries, low-milting alloys, protective shielding around nuclear reactors, and containers used for storing and transporting radioactive materials.

Tin is used in pewter, toothpaste, and the coating on steel cans used for food.

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