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Study of Biology
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Study of Biology

Study of Biology

Slide 2

What is Biology?

What is Biology?

Biology is the study of all living things

Living things are called organisms

Organisms include bacteria, protists, fungi, plants, & animals

Slide 3

All Living Things Share Common Characteristics

All Living Things Share Common Characteristics

Basic Unit is the Cell

They Reproduce

All Based On Universal Genetic Code (DNA)

Grow & Develop

Slide 4

Common Characteristics

Common Characteristics

Obtain & Use Materials & Energy

Respond To Their Environment

Maintain A Stable Internal Environment

AS A GROUP, Living Things Evolve, That Is They Change Over Time

Slide 5

Characteristics of Organisms

Characteristics of Organisms

Slide 6

All Organisms are made of Cells

All Organisms are made of Cells

Slide 7

Facts About Cells

Facts About Cells

Cells are the smallest living unit of an organism

All cells contain living material called cytoplasm

All cells are surrounded by a cell membrane that controls what enters & leaves the cell

Slide 8

More Cell Facts

More Cell Facts

Cells are complex & highly organized

Cells have parts called organelles that do different jobs

e.g. Chloroplasts in plants make sugars

Slide 9

More Cell Facts

More Cell Facts

The simplest cells are called Prokaryotes

These cells DO NOT have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles

Bacteria are examples

Slide 10

More Cell Facts

More Cell Facts

More complex cells are called Eukaryotes

These cells DO have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles

Plants, animals, protists, & fungi are examples

Slide 11

Organisms are Grouped by their Number of Cells

Organisms are Grouped by their Number of Cells

Unicellular Organisms

Living Organism Made Up Of One Cell

Multicellular Organisms

Living Organism Made Up Of Many, Specialized Cells

Slide 12

Organisms Reproduce to Pass on their Genetic Traits

Organisms Reproduce to Pass on their Genetic Traits

Slide 13

Two Types of Reproduction

Two Types of Reproduction

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