Contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur
Serve as structural components of animals
Serve as control molecules (enzymes)
Serve as transport and messenger molecules
Basic building block is the amino acid
Amine group acts like a base, tends to be positive.
Carboxyl group acts like an acid, tends to be negative.
“R” group is variable, from 1 atom to 20.
Two amino acids join together to form a dipeptide.
Adjacent carboxyl and amino groups bond together.
Some Amino Acids
Some More Amino Acids
Still More Amino Acids
Formation of a Dipeptide
Amino Acid + Amino Acid --> Dipeptide
Amino Acid + Dipeptide --> Tripeptide
A.A. + A.A. + … + Tripeptide --> Polypeptide
A protein consists of one or more