Characteristics of Lipids
Composed of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Greater than 2:1 ratio of H:O
Includes fats, oils, phospholipids, and cholesterol
Building blocks are fatty acids and glycerol.
Energy storage molecules
Phospholipids part of cell membrane
Fatty Acid Structure
Carboxyl group (COOH) forms the acid.
“R” group is a hydrocarbon chain.
A Representative Fatty Acid
Synthesis of a Fat