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Chemical reactions
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CHEMICAL REACTIONS Chapter 4

CHEMICAL REACTIONS Chapter 4

Reactants: Zn + I2

Product: Zn I2

Slide 2

Chemical Equations

Chemical Equations

Depict the kind of reactants and products and their relative amounts in a reaction.

4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g) ---> 2 Al2O3(s)

The numbers in the front are called

stoichiometric coefficients

The letters (s), (g), and (l) are the physical states of compounds.

Slide 3

Chemical Equations

Chemical Equations

4 Al(s) + 3 O2(g) ---> 2 Al2O3(s)

This equation means

4 Al atoms + 3 O2 molecules ---give--->

2 molecules of Al2O3

4 moles of Al + 3 moles of O2 ---give--->

2 moles of Al2O3

Slide 4

Chemical Equations

Chemical Equations

Because the same atoms are present in a reaction at the beginning and at the end, the amount of matter in a system does not change.

The Law of the Conservation of Matter

Demo of conservation of matter, See Screen 4.3.

Slide 5

Because of the principle of the conservation of matter,

Because of the principle of the conservation of matter,

an equation must be balanced.

It must have the same number of atoms of the same kind on both sides.

Chemical Equations

Slide 6

Balancing Equations

Balancing Equations

_ Al(s) + _ Br2(liq) ---> _ Al2Br6(s)

Slide 7

Balancing Equations

Balancing Equations

C3H8(g) + _ O2(g) ----> _CO2(g) + _ H2O(g)

B4H10(g) + _ O2(g) ----> _ B2O3(g) + _ H2O(g)

Slide 8

Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry

- the study of the quantitative aspects of chemical reactions.

Slide 9

STOICHIOMETRY

STOICHIOMETRY

It rests on the principle of the conservation of matter.

2 Al(s) + 3 Br2(liq) ------> Al2Br6(s)

Slide 10

PROBLEM: If 454 g of NH4NO3 decomposes, how much N2O and H2O are formed? What is the theoretical yield of products?

PROBLEM: If 454 g of NH4NO3 decomposes, how much N2O and H2O are formed? What is the theoretical yield of products?

STEP 1

Write the balanced chemical equation

NH4NO3 ---> N2O + 2 H2O

Slide 11

454 g of NH4NO3 --> N2O + 2 H2O

454 g of NH4NO3 --> N2O + 2 H2O

STEP 2 Convert mass reactant (454 g) --> moles

STEP 3 Convert moles reactant (5.68 mol) --> moles product

Slide 12

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