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How to Draw Bohr Diagrams
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Slide 1

How to Draw Bohr Diagrams

How to Draw Bohr Diagrams

8th Grade Chemistry Unit 2

Slide 2

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Find your element on the periodic table.

Determine the number of electrons – it is the same as the atomic number.

This is how many electrons you will draw.

Slide 3

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Find out which period (row) your element is in.

Elements in the 1st period have one energy level.

Elements in the 2nd period have two energy levels, and so on.

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Slide 4

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

C

Draw a nucleus with the element symbol inside.

Carbon is in the 2nd period, so it has two energy levels, or shells.

Draw the shells around the nucleus.

Slide 5

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Add the electrons.

Carbon has 6 electrons.

The first shell can only hold 2 electrons.

C

Slide 6

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Since you have 2 electrons already drawn, you need to add 4 more.

These go in the 2nd shell.

Add one at a time -starting on the right side and going counter clock-wise.

C

Slide 7

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Check your work.

You should have 6 total electrons for Carbon.

Only two electrons can fit in the 1st shell.

The 2nd shell can hold up to 8 electrons.

The 3rd shell can hold 18, but the elements in the first few periods only use 8 electrons.

C

Slide 8

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Try the following elements on your own:

H

He

O

Al

Ne

K

C

Slide 9

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Try the following elements on your own:

H – 1 electron

He

O

Al

Ne

K

H

Slide 10

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Try the following elements on your own:

H

He - 2 electrons

O

Al

Ne

K

He

Slide 11

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Try the following elements on your own:

H

He

O - 8 electrons

Al

Ne

K

O

Slide 12

Bohr Diagrams

Bohr Diagrams

Try the following elements on your own:

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