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The French and Indian War
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Slide 1

The French and Indian War

The French and Indian War

You and the French are like two edges of a pair of shears, and we are the cloth that is cut to pieces between them.

Native American to an English man

Slide 2

France Claims Western Lands

France Claims Western Lands

French exploring interior of America

Late 1600s France had claimed the Ohio River Valley, the Mississippi River Valley, and the great lake region.

Louisiana (La Salle) stretched from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rocky Mountains

PAGE 132 and 134

Slide 3

France Claims Western Lands

Slide 4

French Main Settlements

French Main Settlements

Quebec and Montreal

Located along the St. Lawrence River

New Orleans Mississippi River

*Why are these settlements so important?

Slide 5

French Population

French Population

1760 NEW FRANCE had about 80,000 people (England had over 1 million)

*Why is their such a difference in population?

Slide 6

French were mostly fur trappers who traded with the Natives

French were mostly fur trappers who traded with the Natives

Furs, guns, knives, iron pots, etc.

Slide 7

Native American Alliances

Native American Alliances

*English competed with the French for furs

*Native American groups competed to supply Europeans with furs

Slide 8

Native American Alliances

Native American Alliances

*The fur trade created economic and military rivalries and alliances between the Native Americans and the Europeans.

These alliances between the Natives and Europeans led to their involvement in the war.

Algonquin and Huron sided with the French while the Iroquois became divided

Slide 9

Conflict in the Ohio River Valley

Conflict in the Ohio River Valley

Seeds of war planted by when British fur traders moved into the Ohio River Valley in the 1750s.

British land companies were also planning to settle colonists there.

Slide 10

War Begins and Spreads

War Begins and Spreads

To keep British out of the valley, they destroy a British trading post (Pickawillany)

The French then built forts to protect the region linking their Canadian and Louisiana settlements

Slide 11

Virginia Reacts

Virginia Reacts

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