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Slide 1

The Scientific Method

The Scientific Method

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Slide 2

How do scientists know what they know?

How do scientists know what they know?

Answer.

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Slide 3

The scientific method

The scientific method

A step-by-step

process scientists use to answer questions and solve problems.

The steps of the Scientific Method are:

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Slide 4

THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD

1) Research Question:

The problem or issue you want to learn more about.

2) Hypothesis:

Testable Prediction that follows from your research question that can be tested and evaluated.

3) Methods:

What will be your procedures for testing your hypothesis?

4) Data Collection:

Record observations regarding data related to the problem you are interested in.

5) Inferences/Interpretation

What can you say about your hypothesis based on your observations? Is your hypothesis supported by your observations?

6) Sharing your conclusions

Scientists write reports and give presentations to inform others about their research!

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Slide 5

Applying the Scientific Method: Archaeology

Applying the Scientific Method: Archaeology

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Slide 6

Whats Archaeology and Whos an Archaeologist?

Whats Archaeology and Whos an Archaeologist?

Archaeology:

The study of human activity and the past through material remains

Archaeologist:

A scientist who studies humans, past and present, through their material remains

Uses the Scientific Method!!!

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Slide 7

Not all archaeologists study the past!

Not all archaeologists study the past!

Some investigate material remains from our own society!!!

Bill Rathje

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rathje-william/pages/rathje-william0001.html

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Slide 8

The Garbology Project

The Garbology Project

From: Rubbish: The Archaeology of Garbage, by William Rathje and Cullen Murphy. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 2001

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Slide 9

The Garbage Project

The Garbage Project

Began at the University of Arizona in 1973

As part of their research method, project personnel have studied over 250,000 lbs of garbage from American households and Landfills since 1973.

Research Question:

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