The Iroquois Confederacy
Around 1570, Hiawatha (an Onondaga chief) and Dekanawida (a Mohawk Chief) decided to stop their tribes from fighting.
The five nations formed the Iroquois League.
They would live in peace with each other.
They would trade with each other.
They would go to war TOGETHER.
Each tribe elected Sachems to run the Confederacy.
“We bind ourselves together by taking hold of each other’s hands. … Our strength shall be in union. … Carry no anger and hold no grudges”
100 foot long houses that held 10-20 families. Each family had a section of the house.
Women owned the longhouses and a husband would move into his wife’s mother’s longhouse.
The “THREE SISTERS” of corn, beans and squash were farmed by the women.
Deer, beaver, and moose were hunted by the men.
No grazing land for herds.
The forest provided wood
Forest animals gave the Iroquois food and clothing
They needed crops they could store for the long winter in a temperate climate.
A short growing season allowed for the 3 sisters to grow.