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Conservation Biology and Restoration Ecology
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Slide 1

Striking Gold

Striking Gold

1.8 million species have been named and described.

Biologists estimate 10200 million species exist on Earth.

Tropical forests contain some of the greatest concentrations of species and are being destroyed at an alarming rate.

Humans are rapidly pushing many species toward extinction.

Slide 2

Tropical deforestation in West Kalimantan, Indonesian

Tropical deforestation in West Kalimantan, Indonesian

Slide 3

Conservation biology seeks to preserve life and integrates several fields:

Conservation biology seeks to preserve life and integrates several fields:

Ecology

Physiology

Molecular biology

Genetics

Evolutionary biology

Restoration ecology applies ecological principles to return degraded ecosystems to conditions as similar as possible to their natural state.

Slide 4

Human activities threaten Earths biodiversity

Human activities threaten Earths biodiversity

Rates of species extinction are difficult to determine under natural conditions.

The high rate of species extinction is largely a result of ecosystem degradation by humans.

Humans are threatening Earths biodiversity.

Slide 5

Three Levels of Biodiversity

Three Levels of Biodiversity

Biodiversity has three main components:

Genetic diversity

Species diversity

Ecosystem diversity

Slide 6

Three Levels of Biodiversity

Three Levels of Biodiversity

Genetic diversity in a vole population

Species diversity in a coastal redwood ecosystem

Community and ecosystem diversity

across the landscape of an entire region

Slide 7

Genetic Diversity & Species Diversity

Genetic Diversity & Species Diversity

Genetic diversity comprises genetic variation within a population and between populations.

Species diversity is the variety of species in an ecosystem or throughout the biosphere.

According to the U.S. Endangered Species Act:

An endangered species is in danger of becoming extinct throughout all or a significant portion of its range

A threatened species is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future.

Slide 8

Ecosystem Diversity

Ecosystem Diversity

Human activity is reducing ecosystem diversity, the variety of ecosystems in the biosphere.

More than 50% of wetlands in the contiguous United States have been drained and converted to other ecosystems.

Slide 9

The endangered Marianas flying fox bat is an important pollinator

The endangered Marianas flying fox bat is an important pollinator

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