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Light and electromagnetic spectrum
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Slide 1

Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum

Slide 2

Light Phenomenon

Light Phenomenon

Isaac Newton (1642-1727) believed light consisted of particles

By 1900 most scientists believed that light behaved as a wave.

Slide 3

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

The electromagnetic spectrum represents the range of energy from low energy, low frequency radio waves with long wavelengths up to high energy, high frequency gamma waves with small wavelengths.

Slide 4

Visible light is a small portion of this spectrum. This is the only part of this energy range that our eyes can detect. What we see is a rainbow of colors.

Visible light is a small portion of this spectrum. This is the only part of this energy range that our eyes can detect. What we see is a rainbow of colors.

RedOrangeYellowGreenBlueIndigoViolet

ROY G BIV

Slide 5

Frequency Ranges

Frequency Ranges

Wavelengths

104 101 1 10-2 10-5 10-6 10-8 10-10 10-12

Frequencies (cycles per sec)

3 x 106 3 x 1010 3 x 1014 3 x 1016 3 x1018 3 x10 22

Slide 6

Frequency Ranges of Visible Light

Frequency Ranges of Visible Light

Red light has a frequency of roughly

4.3 × 1014 Hz, and a wavelength of about 7.0 × 107 m (700nm).

Violet light, at the other end of the visible range, has nearly double the frequency7.5 × 1014 Hzand (since the speed of light is the same in either case) just over half the wavelength

4.0 × 107 m (400nm).

Slide 7

The radiation to which our eyes are most sensitive has a wavelength near the middle of this range, at about

The radiation to which our eyes are most sensitive has a wavelength near the middle of this range, at about

5.5 x 10-7m (550 nm), in the yellow-green region of the spectrum.

Slide 8

It is no coincidence that this wavelength falls within the range of wavelengths at which the Sun emits most of its electromagnetic energyour eyes have evolved to take greatest advantage of the available light.

It is no coincidence that this wavelength falls within the range of wavelengths at which the Sun emits most of its electromagnetic energyour eyes have evolved to take greatest advantage of the available light.

Slide 9

C = λν

C = λν

The frequency (v) of a wave is the number of waves to cross a point in 1 second (units are Hertz cycles/sec or sec-1)

λ is the wavelength- the distance from crest to crest on a wave

Slide 10

The product of wavelength and frequency always equals the speed of light.

The product of wavelength and frequency always equals the speed of light.

C = λν

Why does this make sense?

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