In the absence of a force of friction, the book would continue in motion with the same speed and direction - forever! (Or at least to the end of the table top.)
Newtons’s 1st Law and You
Don’t let this be you. Wear seat belts.
Because of inertia, objects (including you) resist changes in their motion. When the car going 80 km/hour is stopped by the brick wall, your body keeps moving at 80 m/hour.
F = m x a
The net force of an object is equal to the product of its mass and acceleration, or F=ma.
When mass is in kilograms and acceleration is in m/s/s, the unit of force is in newtons (N).
One newton is equal to the force required to accelerate one kilogram of mass at one meter/second/second.
2nd Law (F = m x a)
How much force is needed to accelerate a 1400 kilogram car 2 meters per second/per second?
Write the formula
F = m x a
Fill in given numbers and units
F = 1400 kg x 2 meters per second/second
Solve for the unknown
2800 kg-meters/second/second or 2800 N
If mass remains constant, doubling the acceleration, doubles the force. If force remains constant, doubling the mass, halves the acceleration.
Newton’s 2nd Law proves that different masses accelerate to the earth at the same rate, but with different forces.
We know that objects with different masses accelerate to the ground at the same rate.
However, because of the 2nd Law we know that they don’t hit the ground with the same force.
F = ma
98 N = 10 kg x 9.8 m/s/s
F = ma
9.8 N = 1 kg x 9.8 m/s/s
1. What acceleration will result when a 12 N net force applied to a 3 kg object? A 6 kg object?
2. A net force of 16 N causes a mass to accelerate at a rate of 5 m/s2. Determine the mass.
3. How much force is needed to accelerate a 66 kg skier 1 m/sec/sec?
4. What is the force on a 1000 kg elevator that is falling freely at 9.8 m/sec/sec?