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Analysis of Cima Painting
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Investigating Cima

Investigating Cima

In 1504 Cima da Conegliano finished an altarpiece the Incredulity of St Thomas. After suffering damage it was bought by the National Gallery in 1861 but in 1969 it required major restoration.

To help with the restoration tests were carried out:

Slide 2

The Painting

The Painting

Slide 3

Reflectance Spectra

Reflectance Spectra

A B

Use your data sheet to identify the pigments used in each area.

What are the chemical substances

What colour would you expect each to appear ?

Slide 4

Does this help ?

Does this help ?

Slide 5

Position of samples A and B

Position of samples A and B

Slide 6

Now look at St Peter's Mantle

Now look at St Peter's Mantle

Slide 7

Laser Microspectral Analysis

Laser Microspectral Analysis

Laser light

Spectrometer

Paint

Sample

Slide 8

A fragment of paint was cross sectioned

A fragment of paint was cross sectioned

LMA on the upper layer gave lines

at 228.8 nm and 235.0 nm.

Identify the element present and hence the pigments used.

Slide 9

Identification of oils

Identification of oils

A sample of paint is hydrolysed to give the potassium salts of the saturated fatty acids

Slide 10

Identification of oils (2)

Identification of oils (2)

The potassium salts are converted to the free acids.

And then to the methyl esters.

Slide 11

So what medium did Cima use ?

So what medium did Cima use ?

glc shows the proportions of saturated esters.

What happened to the unsaturated acids ?

For Cima's painting palmitate/stearate = 76/54 = 1.4

What medium has this ratio ?

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