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The Masque of the Red Death
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The Cask of Amontillado

The Black Cat,

The Pit and The Pendulum

Poems:

The Raven

Annabel Lee

To Helen

Lenore

Slide 13

Literary Term: Allusion

Literary Term: Allusion

Reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event

Best sources are literature, history, Greek mythology, and the Bible

Serves to explain or clarify or enhance whatever subject

Slide 14

Literary Term: Gothic Elements

Literary Term: Gothic Elements

Supernatural horrors and an atmosphere of unknown terror pervades the action

High emotion, sentimentalism, but also pronounced anger, surprise, and especially terror

Use of words indicating fear, mystery: apparition, devil, ghost, haunted, terror, fright, fainting

Slide 15

Literary Term: Symbol

Literary Term: Symbol

Something that is itself and yet also represents something else

Universal symbols embodying universally recognizable meanings

Invested symbols give symbolic meaning by the way an author uses them in a literary work

Symbols are very common in literature

Slide 16

Allegory: A Story Behind a Story

Allegory: A Story Behind a Story

An allegory is a narrative that is really a double story. One story takes place on the surface. Under the surface the story’s characters and events represent abstract ideas or states of being, things like love or freedom, evil or goodness, hell or heaven.

To work, an allegory must operate on two levels. On the level of pure storytelling, an allegory must hold our attention. Its characters must seem believable and interesting enough for us to care about them. On the allegorical level the ideas in the story must be accessible to us. As you read, you should find that the allegorical level of the story gradually begins to strike you.

See if you find that Poe’s story of arrogance and death hooks you on both levels.

Slide 17

The Masque of the Red Death: Background

The Masque of the Red Death: Background

Poe’s fictional Red Death is probably based on the Black Death, which swept fourteenth-century Europe and Asia, killing as many as two thirds of the population in some regions in less than twenty years. Poe calls the plague “the Red Death” because victims oozed blood from painful sores. In this story a fourteenth-century prince gives a costume party, or masque, to try to forget about the epidemic raging all around him.

Slide 18

The Black Death

The Black Death

This particular type of plague was the bubonic plague, which is caused by a bacteria that lived in rats and other rodents. Human beings were infected through bites from the fleas that lived on these rats. The symptoms associated with plague are bubos, which are painful swellings of the lymph nodes. These typically appear in the armpits, legs, neck, or groin. If left untreated, plague victims die within two to four days. Victims of this disease suffered swelling in the armpit and groin, as well as bleeding in the lungs. Victims also suffered a very high fever, delirium, and prostration.

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