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Homeostasis of the body
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Slide 1

Homeostasis

Homeostasis

Slide 2

Glossary

Glossary

Maintain keep up.

Constant the same.

Internal inside the body.

Environment surroundings of the body.

Slide 3

What is Homeostasis?

What is Homeostasis?

Body cells work best if they have the correct

Temperature

Water levels

Glucose concentration

Your body has mechanisms to keep the cells in a constant environment.

Slide 4

What is Homeostasis?

What is Homeostasis?

The maintenance of a constant environment in the body is called Homeostasis

Slide 5

Controlling body temperature

Controlling body temperature

All mammals maintain a constant body temperature.

Human beings have a body temperature of about 37ºC.

E.g. If your body is in a hot environment your body temperature is 37ºC

If your body is in a cold environment your body temperature is still 37ºC

Slide 6

Controlling body temperature

Controlling body temperature

Animals with a large surface area compared to their volume will lose heat faster than animals with a small surface area.

Volume = _

Surface area =

Volume : Surface area ratio = _

Volume = _

Surface area =

Volume : Surface area ratio = _

Slide 7

Controlling body temperature

Controlling body temperature

Volume : Surface area ratio = 1:6

Volume : Surface area ratio = 1:5

For every 1 unit of heat made, heat is lost out of 6 sides

For every 1 unit of heat made, heat is lost out of 5 sides

Slide 8

Controlling body temperature

Controlling body temperature

Volume : Surface area ratio = 1:6

Volume : Surface area ratio = 1:5

The bigger the Volume : Surface Area ratio is, the faster heat will be lost.

Slide 9

Penguins huddling to keep warm

Penguins huddling to keep warm

Slide 10

What mechanisms are there to cool the body down?

What mechanisms are there to cool the body down?

Sweating

When your body is hot, sweat glands are stimulated to release sweat.

The liquid sweat turns into a gas (it evaporates)

To do this, it needs heat.

It gets that heat from your skin.

As your skin loses heat, it cools down.

Slide 11

Sweating

Sweating

The skin

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